46/2 Sirmor Street road, Kaulagarh Road, Dehradun 248001, Uttarakhand, India
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The water being used for EOR and other uses must be purified.
Oil is being purchased less because of the mess it creates and the cleanup required.
The trip to China to Shanyang University to see the Fourfold System
Everything on this trip was connected with Dr. Shawn Buckley.
Raghvendra has been in touch with Rene Francis and Dr. Buckley for over 8 years now
Surya Poudel is the creator of a cryptocurrency
Aquaponics and hydroponics are in use in India.
Aquaponics produce the fish, the vegetables grow on top of the fish.
The heat and power required for aquaponics in a 10m x 20m space
Vegetable and fruit with fish can be produced and harvest monthly
Only 10ft by 10ft space can produce all the vegetables you need for a year
In 2-3 months Raghvendra will be producing his own aquaponic farm
1. Tell me about the technical requirements at your temple (Energy, Power, Heat, etc)...
AC and Heaters are dependent on electricity, not geothermal.
Regular supply of electricity and 30 percent in remote areas are lacking electricity
The insulation for cold is not great. There is a government source of generators for remote areas.
The government of India is establishing large solar parks of 1 Gigawatt production, some states in Northern India, Microgrids are being installed in Eastern India.
The only concern is the cost - the upfront cost, not adjusting the cost for long term savings.
3-5 Kilowatts is the production capacity of some solar systems,
Our system is much better with long term solutions using generators for long term
Solar panels of 150 Watts are not as effecient as the new panels that can produce up to 300 Watts
Producing heat using electricity is not the most efficient.
12 midnight to 5am the power usage decreases when people sleep
This allows the heat to pull from the grid to heat homes in the cold of night
Every 6-8 years the battery pack with photovoltaic cells must be replaced
The capacity of PV cells over time starts to decrease, this is a concern with PV power
Temple power usage depends on their size. Every city has a temple.
The bigger the capacity, the fuller the voltage required. These temples in Gujarat and Surat.
Minimum of 5 Kiliowatt with 10-15 KW is required.
Much of this power is required for making food
Some temples are using steam from solar power for their cooking.
What is the process for setting up a temple? Tell me about your trip to China in 2015 with the Fourfold prototype.
Independent systems or plugging into the grid. Most temples already have electrical connections.
Solar panels can be used for their requirements. Good sized temples will also have their own generators. These systems are mostly 10KW systems. Morning prayer and evening prayer are the main times power is used, but also in the production of food throughout the day. This requires the 10KW system.
2. What are problems to solve in providing religious services where religious services are needed most?
For the problems in providing religious services, all challenges are related. All of the temples require opening early in the morning at about 4am. The sun is not up and the solar power will not work. Up until 9am the rush comes, and 9am to 12pm there is no rush. They still need power throughout the day but not that much. Early to rise and early to bed. After 8pm the temple is typically closed.
3. How much electricity, heat, power, clean water, and cooling do temples use? (How much electricity, How much heat, etc)
These systems are mostly 10KW electrical systems. For heat the cooking is done through natural gas, but the heating for the building is burning wood. The centralized system for heating should be there but often it is not. The heat can accumulate through solar energy instead of using charcoal or firewood. These progressive options are possible but considered expensive and are not common place.
Is there space for having more capacity for energy production? Generators don’t take up much room. Other solutions and the land they require become more complicated.
Enhanced Oil Recovery, EOR, is something used in India as another source of power. Gujarat has an EOR business case. The oil industry is working to replace the crude oil. To reduce the viscosity of oil, they take it out from the well and then into a pipeline. The crude oil is very thick and takes a great deal of energy to transport it through the pipeline. Heated oil also increases in viscosity for enhanced transport.
4. What opportunities do you see with renewable energy in the religious community? In rural areas?
Tell me about the capacity for renewable energy in your community.
To power temples with renewable energy would either require solar panels on the roof or a larger installation nearby. The land required for larger installations can be seen as a barrier to entry. If more than one temple could share the renewable energy, there is a possibility to combine land uses and install a larger production capacity.
The 5KW system on average would accommodate the 3KW to 10KW capacity temples have.
The temples will use all of their space for inside rooms for congregants to attend services. If there is an interior storage area for the heat sink, there needn’t be a larger land footprint. This and other ways to reduce costs and barriers are appropriate.
India’s prices for EOR are much better than China. Raghvendra’s system using hot water for EOR will contaminate the water. To process and reuse the water also required heat. There are environmental friendly ways to enhance oil production and transport for refining fossil fuel.
Renewable energy can be used in the system to make the oil more competitive in the price of its delivery to market. If oil companies pay for this EOR, this will introduce renewable energy into the energy ecosystem and could eventually overtake the use of oil products and provide electricity directly.
Do we know about grant opportunities with religious organizations?
Mostly donations support these temples and they have a lot of patrons.
These community buildings are the main point of the neighborhood and family.
To keep the temple alive the operations must be well-funded.
Grants for religious and community leaders to meet temple needs?
Grants are not a source of funding for temples in India.
Only individual contributions are the main source of funding.
What are sources of funding available for religious communities and their projects?
Other sources of funding don’t exist. It’s simply donations. No managed portfolios or investments.
No interest earned on capital investments or anything. It’s just straight inflow and outflow from locals.
Well-educated leaders direct the use of the funds in temples, but the society drives the spending.
5. What issues do you face with electricity? Downtime if any? What temporary solutions did you use? How do you solve electricity problems?
This differs in various areas of India. In some places there are very few blackouts. There are other places with no electricity. These areas need microgrid technology and other solution. Half an hour of downtime maximum in some areas, while other areas have up to half the day of downtime.
Uttra Pradesh may have downtimes of over ten hours. It purely depends where people can afford the infrastructure. The generators are always a way to improve the access to power and electricity. Small 5KW generators running diesel will be used to keep freezers and refrigerators running.
After the generator is running, it is not necessary to keep it running. Electricity is produced from a generator, the water pumps are the most essential part of life. If the water pump must be on, the generator must be used. Cooking, cleaning, water is used all the time in processes.
Availability of constant water shouldn’t be ignored in the process.
6. How is the cost of renewable energy viewed in your industry?
Religious communities and their constituents
Renewable Energy, if solar panels are used, the existed PV systems are viewed as comparable to other microgrid systems. The lower cost over time is a major vehicle for bringing the perception of cost down.
Electricity and steam for heat and power are one thing. Desalination of water and other water technology are uses of electricity that some at a cost higher than financial cost.
7. What barriers do you have to adopt renewable energy?
Cost is a barrier, but other barriers include the land and space a microgrid. Culturally in India, people are more interested in having renewable energy. It is also about sources of pollution. Clean energy and Renewable Energy are viewed as the same thing. Hydrogen cells and generators is increasing.
Electric Vehicles are growing in number, but the battery technology is dominated by China because of the Lithium mining that comes from Africa where China has cornered the market. Some new technologies are coming to replace the Lithium Ion batteries. The EV market is growing slowly. Tesla is discussing the production of a Gigafactory in India, and these discussions are going back and forth.
Tesla wanted to take advantage of UAE subsidy.